While periodic anxiety is a normal — and even healthy — biological response to life stressors (for example, like going on a first date), severe anxiety can become debilitating and lead to further mental health conditions if unaddressed. 

The good news is anxiety is highly treatable whether you have generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, a specific phobia, or another type of anxiety. Various types of psychotherapy (also known as talk therapy) are regularly used as successful anxiety treatment. Further, each has case-specific benefits. Often, anxiety medication can be used in conjunction with therapy to benefit people who are battling overwhelming and severe anxiety.

Here, we’re examining three effective forms of therapy for anxiety disorders: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT), Dialectical Behavioral Therapy (DBT), and Exposure Therapy. It’s estimated that anxiety might affect as much as 19% of the general population, which means effective anxiety treatment is not just beneficial but often extremely necessary.  

Types of Therapy for Anxiety

When it comes to how to help someone with anxiety, mental health professionals use a variety of therapeutic approaches to help patients. It is first important to understand how to diagnose anxiety. Once this is considered then the choice of which therapy to use depends on your specific symptoms, how severe your anxiety is, your temperament, and if you are an adult vs. a child. Anxiety in children can differ from anxiety in adults.

Sometimes, medication for anxiety can work well to boost and complement the benefits of therapy for anxiety. However, in the long term, the tools taught in a therapy session tend to be far superior to chronic pharmaceutical use. Therapy offers you specific, concrete, and effective ways to self-manage symptoms of your anxiety, so you don’t have to rely on anxiety medication to disguise or numb them.

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is proven to be helpful for multiple anxiety disorders, and it’s one of the most commonly used types of anxiety therapy available. Cognitive therapy is based on teaching you to understand that your thoughts are causing your feelings, not the particular situation at hand.

CBT aims to help you identify and analyze how your behaviors and negative thoughts impact and affect your life. It allows you to then replace those unhealthy patterns with productive behaviors and positive thoughts. Once you begin to anticipate and understand what triggers your anxiety symptoms, you’ll find that you’re able to naturally develop coping skills to ward off fear, worry, and apprehension.

“With the help of cognitive behavioral approach, one can better understand what emotions may drive or trigger our behaviors. Taking time to reflect on sources of anxiety and imagined fear teaches us how to reframe an anxious mindset, while allowing a more grounded response, integral to mindful coping.”

Talkspace therapist Elizabeth Keohan, LCSW-C, MSW

Exposure Therapy

Exposure therapy is one of the most commonly used types of therapy for PTSD, social anxiety disorder, and phobias. Exposure therapy is based on facing what makes you apprehensive head-on and learning what’s causing you to feel so anxious. During a therapy session, you’re gradually subjected to situations or objects that cause your anxiety.

Exposure therapy involves three steps of systematic desensitization, which are:

  • Combating mental and physical symptoms with intentional mindfulness and relaxation techniques, like guided imagery, meditation, and breathing exercises (pranayama).
  • Writing out a detailed list of what makes you feel anxious and then ranking them in severity.
  • Gradually — with the guidance of a licensed therapist — exposing yourself to stimuli that cause you anxiety and then utilizing the techniques you’ve learned to cope with the feelings.

There are various methods a therapist might choose to help you face your triggers including imaginal exposure, in-vivo exposure, and virtual reality exposure, which combines in-vivo and imaginal exposure. 

Dialectical Behavioral Therapy

Dialectical Behavioral Therapy (DBT) is a type of CBT known to be highly effective for helping people cope with anxiety and various other challenges. It emerged as a method for treating borderline personality disorder and has since become a mainstream approach for treating consistent feelings of worry, self-doubt, fear, and apprehension.

Dialectical behavioral therapy is focused on four principles:

  1. Mindfulness is the main principle used in dialectical behavior therapy. Being mindful is an art that requires diligent practice throughout life. It develops stronger and stronger with time. It teaches you to be aware of your emotions, thoughts, behaviors, environment, and people around you, all at the same time. Mindfulness is about being aware.
  2. Distress tolerance in dialectical behavioral therapy teaches you how to manage anxiety symptoms as they arise in stressful situations.
  3. Interpersonal effectiveness training teaches you to set limits, to say no, and to stand up for yourself in a confident, fair manner.
  4. Emotion regulation teaches you to contain negative emotions as you see them developing. Even if you’re amid intense anxiety, the key is to recognize and take action to manage your emotions.

DBT teaches you to accept yourself for who you are and the way that you are while you’re making improvements in certain areas. You’ll learn to have a “dialectical” (reverse) outlook on what triggers your anxiety. Essentially, this allows you to experience a trigger, analyze it, and take immediate counteractions to abolish it.

Finding a Therapist for Anxiety

What is the best therapy for anxiety? While anxiety therapy is very effective, which type is going to work for you will depend on several things. Therapy isn’t a one-size-fits-all deal. How to treat anxiety depends on you, your symptoms, the severity, and the overall situation at hand. Every person who experiences anxiety does so uniquely. The common goal of any of the types of therapy for anxiety is to help you understand your feelings and become better at identifying your triggers so you can learn what to do differently to reduce and deal with anxiety.

“Therapy offers permission to release the burden of anxiety. Anxiety can range from mild to severe, but it can be more difficult to manage if it’s not shared or discussed externally. Joining with professional support helps impart a better sense of control and even invites the possibility of relief and a space for joy, instead of feeling chained to shame.”

Talkspace therapist Elizabeth Keohan, LCSW-C, MSW

If you experience excessive fear, worry, or anxiousness regularly, you may be dealing with an anxiety disorder or another mental health condition. If your anxiety is interfering with your ability to function, it’s important that you address it as soon as possible. Without treatment, symptoms of anxiety will likely continue to intensify with time.

Talkspace provides therapy for anxiety in a convenient, productive, effective manner. Our approach to mental health and healing is changing the way you think and feel about therapy overall. Licensed, experienced Talkspace therapists can help you address and overcome the anxiety you long to be free from. Online therapy can offer a safe space for you to begin your healing journey in the comfort of your own home or wherever is convenient for you. 

Don’t let your anxiety interfere with your life another day. Reach out to learn more about how Talkspace has helped countless people overcome their anxiety. We can help you, too.